th September 2022 - Process Monitoring & Online Solutions
Process monitoring is key for operators to understand, improve and implement efficiency savings. With the ability to measure any gas in the most demanding of applications, Protea can help to deliver those savings. Find out more about our online systems at https://www.protea.ltd.uk/online-solutions where the full range of online solutions is presented below:
Online solutions cover these applications below:
- Nitric Acid Plant Process Control - The P2000 emissions analyser measures Oxides of Nitrogen for process control purposes, typically upstream of the N2O abatement reactor where typical pressures can be as high as 10 bar
- Siloxanes Analysis - Protea can offer online siloxanes analysis using our atmosFIR gas analysers. This allows the real time measurement of siloxanes on plant
- Syngas - The composition of fuel gas is important in order to determine calorific value and also to detect any unwanted contaminants in the gas. Online analysis is important in order to give real-time and direct action on issues
- TO Multi-Stream Bypass System - Commonly, activated carbon beds are used as abatement systems on plant with emissions being reduced by adsorption onto the bed
- Liquid TiCL4 Vanadium Oxychloride Monitor - The chloride process of titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment manufacture first converts titanium-containing ores to TiCl4 via a carbochlorination reaction
- VOC Analyser - As well as standard methods for VOC such as FID, Protea’s FTIR gas analysers can provide real-time speciated VOC measurements for hundreds of organic species in process and emissions applications
- Multipoint Gas Analysis Solutions - Protea’s FTIR, TDL and QMS analysers are available with control for multiple sample points. A multiple sample point or multi-stream solution can enable cost savings by allowing one analyser to make sequential measurements from many different sample points
th July 2022 - AIR-IQ Spectral Search
Protea’s patented algorithm for spectral identification is now available within our PAS platform. The AIR-IQ plug-in offers a unique and powerful searching tool to enable users of our spectroscopic instrumentation (FTIR and Mass Spectrometer) to identify unknown gases in their sample, being able to then add to the analysis method quickly and easily.
Built upon decades of experience of analysing complex gas matrices from FTIR emissions and process data, AIR-IQ offers features such as:
- Library management of qualitative and quantitative spectra
- Spectral file recognition: auto-read gas names, temperatures, pressures and pathlength - makes adding new calibration references quicker
- Spectral search window masking and pre-processing steps, including water subtraction
- Subtraction of identified gases and re-analysis: iterative approach to qualifying all gases in sample spectrum means ALL unknows can be identified one after the other.
- Identified gases are seamlessly added into the current analysis method. This can be done as “ interference only”, meaning re-calibration is not required and existing methods can be corrected quickly without generating new references.
Please contact Protea for more information on AIR-IQ, if you are a new or existing customer.Read More
th June 2022 - Distributor Training
Now that we are open for travel and meeting again, it is great to be able to welcome our Distributors and end users back to Protea for training courses. This month we have entertained our friends from Poland, Finland, Canada and Singapore to both Protea factories in the UK.
Training courses covering service, support and advanced data analysis of FTIR spectra have been carried out.Read More
th May 2022 - FAT Testing Facility
Protea’s dedicated factory for extractive emissions monitoring equipment integration and testing has given us the increased capacity for our gas analyser system deliveries. This allows both for our MCERTS approved Continuous Emissions Monitoring systems and our customised process and research systems to be tested alongside each other.
Both analyser systems on show here use the same core atmosFIR FTIR gas analyser. Whilst one needs to measure regulatory emissions from incineration process, the other is measuring very high concentrations using in-built dynamic dilution of the sample for an academic research centre. Protea can deliver repeatable, standardised and approved products for regulatory requirements. Or we can push our FTIR technology to the limits with challenging gas mixtures require hardware and software customisation.Read More
th May 2022 - Ethylene Oxide Monitoring
The atmosFIR FTIR gas monitoring system from Protea has been successfully installed measuring low levels of Ethylene Oxide emissions from sterilisation facility. Working together with the supplier of the emissions purification technology, Protea’s FTIR gas analyser can monitor the very low emissions produced post-purification to confirm emissions are below the stringent limit values and that the abatement process is working effectively. A measurement range of 0 – 5ppm of Ethylene Oxide was delivered, with a lower detectable limit of 20ppb.
The atmosFIR system delivered is the same configuration as our MCERTS approved emissions system for combustion incineration processes, but with a lower operating sample temperature. The benefit of FTIR as a solution is, not only that it can deliver the measurement accuracy for Ethylene Oxide itself, but FTIR allows for the addition of other gases or interference correction should there be any other gases within the sterilisation and abatement process in the future.
|Component||Range 1||LDL||Units||% of Range||Result|
|Ethylene Oxide C2H4O||0-5||0.02||ppm||0.38||Pass|
th May 2022 - CCS Online Monitoring Now Available
Protea’s multi-gas FTIR technology is ideally suited to new processes involving carbon reduction, such as Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). Protea have supplied a multi-stream gas monitoring system that has enabled measurement of up to 5 gas streams around a CCS plant. This includes high concentration CO2 streams, with up to 100% CO2 being measured.
Our FTIR technology can simultaneously detect low level impurities aldehydes and other solvents as well as measure the high CO2 background. The uniqueness of Protea’s chemometric software and hardware connectivity allows for a complete, different gas calibration to be loaded on multiple streams. So other gas streams can measure very low CO2, <100ppm. Find out more about CCS Online Monitoring at https://www.protea.ltd.uk/css-emissions.Read More
th April 2022 - The Largest Benelux Event For Process Instrumentation
Protea Distributor Ankersmid recently exhibited at the M + R 2022 event for the industrial process industry at the Antwerp Expo. In the process industry it is of vital importance to be able to continuously monitor the production via the correct instrumentation. In order to optimally manage the increasing complexity of installations and to manage unforeseen circumstances in the process, you have to make use of the technological best of the best. The P2000 In-Situ Continuous Emissions Monitoring System was presented at the show.
Ankersmid Sales Manager, Serge Rottiers stated “Now that the corona vicissitudes are finally over, our company has been given the opportunity to exhibit the devices of our suppliers at the M+R fair in Antwerp. Expectations were high, because both suppliers and customers were happy to finally have face-to-face contact again. The pandemic has made good use of new communication options such as Teams, Zoom and so on, but nothing beats a real personal conversation and the opportunity to see a device in real life. The new expo demo version and the UV-led upgrade of the P2000 were positively received and open up new opportunities for future applications."Read More
th April 2022 - Meeting Marine Emissions Challenges
Protea have been featured in the latest edition of Clean Shipping International, demonstrating how our advanced patented in-situ CEMS solutions are benefiting the global reduction in marine emissions.
The In-Situ P2000 analyser offers a unique approach to monitoring exhaust emissions monitoring is an ideal solution for the marine industry to enable compliance with IMO regulations. The analyser is fitted directly to the exhaust with the gas monitored within the exhaust duct. An In-Situ technique, unlike extractive systems, does not require sample preparation components. Our P2000 analyser is certified by several Classification Societies as an analyser system suitable to monitor Sulphur Dioxide and Carbon Dioxide and report the SO2:CO2 ratio.
The P2000 was first installed on early Exhaust Gas Cleaning Systems (EGCS) in 2010 and since 2010 several hundred instruments have been installed on several classes of vessels, both on scrubbed and un-scrubbed applications.
In 2018 Protea made a series of product improvements, working with users and marine industry specialist the outcome of the evaluation identified three main areas which would benefit from improvements.
The solutions employed in the latest P2000 are:
- Patented UV/IR hybrid technology capable of monitoring lower levels of SO2 in a background of high water vapour
- Capable of monitoring post scrubber (EGCS) with liquid phase water vapour carry over
- Enhanced support features to enable vessels engineers to identify and rectify performance issues
Protea operates an extensive worldwide network of factory trained sales & service partners strategically located to support the marine industry. We would like to thank and recognise the input from our valued marine engineer users, whose expertise and feedback has gone into improving our products in this demanding market.
Read more here www.cleanshippinginternational.com/csi-magazine-spring-2022/Read More
st April 2022 - CCS Carbon Capture and Storage
Protea’s atmosFIR FTIR gas analyser has proven a valuable tool in research into the effective storage of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in the North Sea. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a key technology to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial processes in a feasible, substantial, and timely manner. For geological CO2 storage to be safe and reliable, robust strategies for CO2 leakage detection, quantification and management are crucial.
The STEMM-CCS (Strategies for Environmental Monitoring of Marine Carbon Capture and Storage) project aimed to provide techniques and understanding to enable and inform cost-effective monitoring of CCS sites in the marine environment. A controlled CO2 release experiment was carried out in the central North Sea, designed to mimic an unintended emission of CO2 from a subsurface CO2 storage site to the seafloor.
Protea’s model atmosFIR FTIR gas analyser was used on board the RRS James Cook to measure the molar fractions of CO2, SF6, C3F8 and CH4 in the discrete gas samples collected during the release experiment. The FTIR was equipped with a custom-made sample injection system allowing reference gases to be injected. Find out more at https://www.protea.ltd.uk/carbon-storageRead More
rd March 2022 - Protea At The 2022 Asia Pacific Maritime Exhibition
Protea recently exhibited at the 2022 Asia Pacific Maritime Exhibition in Singapore. The exhibition was very good, and we made some interesting contacts. From the exhibitor side it was international, with visitors being about 95% from Singapore. It was very good for networking, everyone was very delighted to meet people in an exhibition setting for the first time in two years.
The 2022 Asia Pacific Maritime (APM) at Marina Bay Sands in Singapore is a biennial exhibition in the globally important market of Singapore. The Singapore market is very strong and influential with yards, owners and management companies all based locally. This exhibition drew in visitors from the surrounding region so expect to see attendees from Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaysia. It is particularly strong in showcasing the latest marine equipment, products and services as well as incorporating workboat and offshore technology and services.Read More
th February 2022 - APM Asia Pacific Maritime Exhibition In Singapore 16/03/22 - 18/03/22
Protea will be attending the APM exhibition in Singapore. Come and visit our stand at booth number E-K07 to discuss customer focused solutions for process, emission and environmental monitoring applications. Asia Pacific Maritime (APM) is at the centre of maritime conversation. Held in Singapore, it is the arena where the global maritime industry convenes every two years to forge partnerships and discover business opportunities.
Singapore provides an anchorage for APM to bring together key decision makers, whilst capitalising on its key role on the global stage as a leading Maritime Nation and trade linkages to the Asian markets. As the industry discusses new possibilities and change, it is now more imperative than ever for the community to embark on achieving real results and make real progress.Read More
th January 2022 - First CEM Event For 2022 Is At Krakow In Poland 02/03/22 - 04/03/22
The first CEM Emissions Monitoring event of 2022 is in Krakow, Poland at the start of March. Protea are booked in attendance at stand 28. CEM the continuous emissions monitoring conference and exhibition started in the United Kingdom started in 1997 and has been held in The Netherlands, Denmark, France, Switzerland, Italy, The Czech Republic, Turkey, Portugal, India and Hungary. Poland was chosen as the ideal location for 2022 due to its economic strength which has been growing steadily over the past 27 years which is a record high in the EU and the most impressive performance in Central Europe.
Topics covered at this event include dust measurement at low concentrations, Emission regulation and future monitoring challenges, Fence line monitoring & measurement of fugitive/diffuse emissions, Gaseous species at low concentrations (HCl, HF, NH3, SO3, CH4, N2O, CHOH & TOC), Greenhouse Gases, Hydrogen in flue gas, Innovative Measurement Technology, Industrial Case Studies (Power industry, Cement industry, Metal industry, Chemical Industry, Glass industry, Minerals and Mining, Waste Management and Incineration), Mercury and Trace Metals, Standards and Quality (Including Measurement Uncertainty and Limits of Detection).Read More
rd November 2021 - Lowest NO and NO2 MCERTS emissions analyser
Protea’s atmosFIR FTIR emissions analyser now has the lowest certified NO and NO2 range of any FTIR analyser and is one of the lowest range NO/NO2 instruments of any technology on the market. With global emissions limiters becoming lower, measurement technology needs to be suitable for the lower ELVs. atmosFIR can offer a NO range of 0-80mg/m3 and NO2 range of 0-50mg/m3. Older FTIR technology limited by resolution often achieve only 0-200mg/m3 range for NO2 for example.
This increases the potential for using the atmosFIR (available in portable as well as CEM versions) to low-NOx emissions plant emissions testing. Added to this the power of FTIR in measuring hundreds of gases with one instrument, atmosFIR is the proven future-proof technology for emissions monitoring.
Protea can also announce our NH3 (ammonia) MCERTS range has been improve to 0-10mg/m3.Read More
th October 2021 - Differences between CEN/TS 17337:2019 and TGN M22 for Portable FTIR Emissions Testing
Protea and the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) have recently completed a Measurement 4 Recovery (M4R) project to produce an Industry Transition Document (ITD) that concisely lays out the changes required of stack testing organisations transitioning from TGN M22 to CEN/TS 17337.
Currently, UK stack emissions laboratories are moving from following TGN M22 to CEN/TS 17337 for reporting of industrial emission measurements using portable FTIR gas analysers, such as the Protea atmosFIR. This change is not without some complexities. In order to implement the new measurement method, the laboratory has to know what changes in sampling apparatus are required, for example, and how the new standard requires them to process, QA/QC check and report results from their FTIR. Protea’s FTIR analysers and software are fully compliant with the requirements of the new standard.
As one of the leading manufacturers of FTIR for stack testing organisations Protea have always provided significant support to our user base. This document benefits not only the customers we support, but also many other stakeholders in the emissions community, from laboratory assessors, to regulators and plant operators who are receiving the reported data from portable FTIR analysers.Read More
th October 2021 - GPS Enabled Gas Analysers
Protea’s range of FTIR, TDL and Mass Spectrometer gas analysers are now available with optional GPS module. For portable gas analysers used across various locations and sites, geotagging data can be a requirement of reporting. Protea’s FTIR gas analysers in particular now write the longitude and latitude of the location the spectrum was acquired to the spectrum file itself. This gives a permanent record of where the raw data was collected.Read More
th September 2021 - Applied Technologies Through Innovation
With over 20 years' experience of process and emissions measurements, Protea is a world leader in getting the most from a range of technologies and can measure any gas. With complimentary measurement technology and measurement automation, Protea can design and supply the complete solution. This section gives a brief introduction to the various technologies that Protea uses.
Protea can also provide specific customer-focussed training courses on the technology if required. Click here www.protea.ltd.uk/innovation for more information about our innovation with FTIR Gas Analysers, IR Gas Analysers, UV Gas Analysers, FID Total VOC, TDL Gas Analysers, Hazardous Area Gas Analysers & Zirconia Sensors.Read More
th June 2021 - The First P300 Extractive Gas Analyser Shipped
Protea has recently manufactured and shipped its very first P300 Extractive Gas Analyser. Monitoring percent levels of HCl, HF and SO2 the unit will monitor high levels of corrosive toxic gases in a hazardous area.
All sample “wetted” components are manufactured from Monel, the zero / calibration valves are pneumatically actuated. The sample cell has a purged containment element, if for any reason the window seals fail the process gas will be discharged to a safe vent. In the event of the pressure exceeding 6 bar(g) or a power failure the process sample gas is isolated and the cell purged with instrument air. The cell was pressure tested to 12Bar(g)
The Protea 300 is a multi-component configurable gas and liquid analyser certified for use in hazardous area. Applications in BioGas, Bio Methane, Natural Gas and many applications in refineries. More information on the P300 is found here www.protea.ltd.uk/p300-extractive-gas-analyserRead More
th April 2021 - Multistream Gas Analysis Solutions From Protea
Protea’s FTIR, TDL and QMS analysers are available with measurement from multiple sample points using standard modular equipment for cost-effective bespoke solutions.
A multiple sample point or multistream solution can enable cost savings by allowing one emissions analyser to make sequential measurements from many different sample points. Multistream systems from Protea use tried and proven components and features. The modular aspect of our designs means a multistream solution can begin with a low number of points and additional pieces of hardware added in time to build an expanded solution in the future.
- Inlet and Outlet for emission abatement efficiency
- Multi-stack CEMs with standby systems
- High dust CEMs with dual sample system switchover
- Separate analyser calibration file for each sample point
- A different set of gases and ranges can be measured from each sample point so one FTIR can do the job of hundreds of sensors
- Separate configuration file for each sample point
- Variable measurement times configured for each stream, some points can be quick measurements (2-5 seconds), some longer (1-2 minutes)
- Pauses can be configured in the sequence, to allow gases to condition in the sampling system and the analyser
- By-pass pump can be provided and controlled by the software. This allows non-sampled positions to be flushed with sample ready for measurement, ensuring quick response time
- Span gas checks per stream, allowing each point to have response time and to check for leaks
- Heated multiple sample point systems available up to 12 streams, with 12 heated probe alarms and 12 heated line alarms with heated valve manifolds
- Sequence easily built in PAS-Pro software – no programming or PLC programme updating needed
- Separate log file for data for each stream - easy for operator to sort data and report values
- Separate OPC and Modbus data outputs for each stream
th April 2021 - Emissions Sampling Equipment
As part of our delivery of portable or fixed emissions analysers, Protea will supply the most suitable sampling equipment for making accuracte, repeatable emissions. We can happily provide consultation and support in supplying you with sampling equipment for use with other emissions gas analysers.
- Heated lines of any length and material
- EX/ATEX sample lines and probes
- Heated sample probes with best selection of filter and probe materials
- Sample conditioning systems
- Sample flow control
th March 2021 - CEM Integration by Protea
Protea can quickly and cost-effectively provide gas analyser integration support for your project.
Protea’s own extractive emissions analysers use a modular concept for CEM design and build. This not provides engineering benefits for our own manufactured analysers, but also allows for Protea to support the integration of 3rd part instruments cost-effectively. As a UK-based expert on gas analysers and CEMS, Protea can integrate and customise analyser operation for a range of process and emissions applications.
Our Sampling System Control Module (SSCM) product is a PLC-based CEM control unit that can manage features such as:
- Heated Line Alarms
- Heated Probe Alarms
- Multiple Span Gases
- Span Direct/Probe
- Sampling control, including pump integration
- By-Pass Sampling Control
th March 2021 - Emissions Analyser Software Features
Protea’s range of portable and fixed emissions gas analysers implement unique features to benefit emissions gas testing. Our PAS and PAS-Pro software offers the following features that make compliance with emissions testing standards easier as the software will dynamically calculate the required test results on-site:
- T90 response time results for span/check gases recorded live
- Span drift results and pass/fail recorded live
- Drift correction calculation within software
- Repeatability on zero and span results calculated live
- Lower Detection Limit (LDL) calculator
- FTIR residual analysis carried out live
- Emissions Limit Value (ELV) exceedance warning on-screen
- FTIR residual test as per M22, CEN/TS 17337 and other standards
- Raw and Dry/O2 corrected values logged in real-time
nd February 2021 - Hazardous Area Gas Analysers For Zone 1 & 2
Protea can provide gas analysers for installation in Hazardous area - Zone 1 and Zone 2. Protea is certified as a manufacturer of ATEX equipment as per Directive 2014/34/EU. For installation of gas analysers in Hazardous area, Protea can provide fully certified analysers and systems. As a manufacturer accredited under Directive 2014/34/EU our P2000 and P300 in-situ and extractive IR gas analysers have a history of installation in applications such as refinery monitoring. The atmosFIR EX is a complete multi-gas FTIR analyser Zone 1 and Zone 2 approved installation, that can provide emissions or process measurements for multiple sample points. Protea can also provide Hazardous area sampling lines and probes to give a complete solution.
ATEX FTIR Gas Analyser
atmosFIR EX is an ATEX certified gas analyser system for measurement of industrial gases in a Zone 1 or Zone 2 area, providing a complete EX certified gas measurement system that meets both the sampling of non-flammable and flammable gases, utilizing Protea’s multigas atmosFIR FTIR gas analyser platform.
P300 Extractive Gas Analyser
The Protea 300 is a multi-component configurable gas and liquid analyser certified for use in hazardous area. Applications in BioGas, Bio Methane, Natural Gas and many applications in refineries.
P2000 In-situ CEM
The Protea 2000 is a multi-component configurable gas and liquid analyser certified for use in hazardous area. The only Hazardous Area approved Multi Component CEM analyser. The unit is certified EEx d (Flameproof) therefore no need for purge control equipment.
th November 2020 - Flame Ionisation Detector (FID) Total VOC Launched
Protea’s Flame Ionisation Detector (FID) analysers allow for Total VOC analysis from a range of emissions, process, exhaust and ambient air applications. Protea’s Flame Ionisation Detector (FID) analysers are used to give quick, accurate measurement of Total VOC concentration in a range of applications such as emissions and process control and offer MCERTS EN 15267-3 QAL1 certification. Find out more at https://www.protea.ltd.uk/fid-total-voc
Within the FID analyser chamber is a Hydrogen (H2) flame burning in an electrical field. The flame is fed by high purity fuel gas (atmosFID can use H2 gas or a H2/He mix) and a hydrocarbon (HC)-free combustion air. The sample gas to be analyzed is then also fed into this flame. The hydrocarbons within the sample gas are "cracked" in the flame and the resulting HC fragments are then ionized. An ion current in the order of 10-14A is generated in the electric field; this electric current is related to a DC amplifier and gives the detection of the HC content.
The measuring method requires that the measuring signal is proportional to the number of non-oxidized carbon atoms in the sample gas. Carbon atoms that are pre-oxidized are only partially measured. This phenomenon is expressed by the response factor (RF) of various hydrocarbons. Protea can provide a complete response factor list for the atmosFID.Read More
th October 2020 - ISO 9001:2015 Certification Reissued
Protea is pleased to announce the successful re-certification of our Quality System under ISO 9001:2015. Protea’s scope covers the design, manufacture, supply and service of analysers for gas emissions, process control and research across our two UK factories.Read More
nd September 2020 - Introducing BetaCap Capillary Gas Divider
Capillary technology offers an improvement in uncertainty of measurement of a gas dilution system over other technologies. The BetaCAP range of blenders offered by Protea has a set number of highly accurate capillaries – 30 or 60 as standard. The unit “switches” in the most suitable capillaries to generate the desired gas concentration, with fine-tuning of the gas delivery being made by pressure compensation.
The relative measuring uncertainty is low with this type of blender technology, as it is a function of the measured value of each capillary that is used not the instrument range, as is the case with sonic nozzle or MFC blenders. Blenders are offered in laboratory or field-ready packages, as well 19” rack configurations for installing alongside gas analysis equipment. Find out more at www.protea.ltd.uk/capillary-gas-dividerRead More
rd August 2020 - Introducing the atmosCAL MFC Gas Divider
The accurate calibration of gas analysers is critical, during factory build, routine service but also for on-going field assessment of analyser performance. Protea has developed the atmosCAL Gas Blender to enable dilution of high concentration gas cylinders over lower concentration ranges, in order to calibrate gas analysers - allowing characteristics such as absolute reading, repeatability, reproducibility, linearity and response time to be tested on analysers.
Using multiple Mass Flow Controller (MFC) technology, generating required gas concentration is as simple as typing into the touchscreen the desired concentration and choosing the flow rate. MFC technology operates on the principle of thermal mass, and different gases require compensation. The atmosCAL embedded software is pre-loaded with a range of compensation factors so the majority of gases can be used with the atmosCAL without adjustment. Find out more at https://www.protea.ltd.uk/atmoscal.Read More
th March 2020 - Global Marine Support Network Expanded
With our marine analysers installed on vessels all over the world, the ongoing service and support for the equipment is satisfied by our dedicated network working in and around major ports and installation locations. Visit www.protea.ltd.uk/marine-support-network for more information.
Protea’s installed base of marine emissions analyser is supported and serviced by our dedicated Marine Support network operating globally. With the full support of our UK-based marine analyser service team, our support network is located in and around the major locations for installation, commissioning and readily available to provide on-vessel service when needed. Protea offer a worldwide service capability to the Marine Industry.
- Annual service of Protea and Procal supplied analysers
- Annual analyser verification and certification Protea and Procal supplied analysers
- Call out service of Protea and Procal supplied analysers
- Ship gaseous emission survey using the latest transportable analysers
All Protea and Distributor service personnel are of the highest professional standard, factory trained and routinely attend refresher courses to ensure that they are up to date with all aspects of the products and legislative requirements.Read More
st March 2020 - Well-prepared Operators Have Ensured a Calm Switch to the IMO 2020 Sulphur Cap
In the past few years, the clarion call has been to delay the introduction of 0.5% low sulphur fuels as the dangers were many: not enough fuel, crew would be hard pressed to understand the changes from one fuel type to another, ships would break down in the middle of the ocean, and so on.
Quietly, the regulator, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), has maintained its line and finally, when the day of reckoning arrived, the anti-climax was deafening. Not that the introduction of the IMO 2020 sulphur cap has been all plain sailing — far from it. Shortages in some regions and the delays to vessels, of up to three weeks, in Singapore are testament to that.
However, as one bunker expert told Clean Shipping International: "The vessel operators were so well prepared that the transition has been very calm." Even the major issue in Singapore, which saw Pacific International Lines' ships stranded, was not a failure of the fuel supply, but rather the consequence of attempting to supply a number of fuel types with too few bunkering barges. Or, as the expert suggested, once barges had cleaned their tanks they were reticent to “dirty” them again by filling them with high-sulphur fuel again. While events such as these are unwelcome, they are not the catastrophic events that were sometimes alluded to in some shipping circles.
In fact, the conversation has very swiftly moved on to the greater impact of a faltering global economy, which has seen declines in demand for goods and consequent decline in demand for oil, pushing prices for oil downward with the knock-on effect of seeing the price of bunkers also falling.
Added to the general malaise is the coronavirus issue. This is having the effect of stalling parts of the industry with a number of China’s major cities in lock-down and backlogs of cargo building in ports around the world. This was definitely not on the menu when the IMO served up its sulphur cap regulation.
Cost is not the major issue for the shipping industry, however, but the spread between fuel types is significant, that is the price differential between very low sulphur fuel oil (VLSFO) and 380 heavy fuel oil (HFO).
On 7 January, bunker prices stood at US$401/tonne for HFO and $740 for VLSFO. By 10 January, that convergence had already begun with a spread of $326 between VLSFO and HFO, according to figures from the Sweden-based Marine Bunker Exchange (MABUX).
Today, the MABUX index shows a spread of $200/tonne, but the narrowing of the spread has stalled over the past few days. That is good news for shipowners that fitted exhaust gas cleaning systems (EGCS), which can offer cheaper freight rates to those owners that are still operating on VLSFO.
The spread is key for EGCS users to recoup the capital cost of the equipment used to clean the sulphur from exhaust gases, but the next deadline for the maritime industry is 1 March, when all ships that do not have an EGCS will be precluded from bunkering, or storing, HFO. It will herald the end of an era and, as with the nature of such things, the entry into a great new epoch.
For owners with open loop capabilities on their EGCS, the reports on the use of these scrubbers and the discharge of washwater will also be a key factor. However, the question will arise again at IMO at the next Marine Environment Protection Committee meeting, MEPC 75, which will convene for five days from 30 March.
Even so, Armageddon appears to be a long way off for the maritime sector. Its adaptability to new realities is legendary — and it will be tested to the full over the coming decade.Read More
th February 2020 - Limiting Engine Power to Reduce CO2 From Existing Ships
As the International Maritime Organization works to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping, technical measures to limit engine power are among the ideas being considered to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) from the existing fleet. Engine power limitation (EPL) is a semi-permanent, overridable limit on a ship’s maximum power that could reduce fuel use and CO2 emissions if it reduces the operational speeds of affected vessels.
This study models the relationship between varying levels of EPL and CO2 emissions based on 2018 real-world ship operations. The authors find that CO2 reductions are not proportional to engine power reductions because ships are already operated well below their maximum speeds and therefore engine powers. EPL scenarios below 30% provide negligible cuts in CO2 for the 2018 fleet, while a 30% EPL is estimated to reduce CO2 by 2% for container ships and oil tankers, and 3% for bulk carriers. Larger, 50%+ EPL could more meaningfully reduce ship CO2 by 8%–19% depending on ship type and size.
Additionally and importantly, benefits diminish over time if EPL is not required for newer ships due to fleet turnover and growth. As illustrated in the figure below, by 2030, EPLs of 30% or less would reduce fuel use and CO2 emissions by 1% or less, while the maximum 60% EPL scenario would cut emissions by about 6%. By comparing a Base scenario with a High Speed scenario, the authors find that EPLs of 30%+ in 2030 could help lock in the fuel savings of existing slow steaming practices by constraining future speed increases.Read More
rd January 2020 - Cleaner Air in 2020: 0.5% Sulphur Cap for Ships Enters Into Force Worldwide
From 1 January 2020, the maximum sulphur content of marine fuels is reduced to 0.5% (down from 3.5%) globally – reducing air pollution and protecting health and the environment. Sulphur Oxide (SOx) emissions from ships' combustion engines cause acid rain and generate fine dust that can lead to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, as well as reduced life expectancy.
Commissioner for Transport Adina Valean said: “Maritime transport is a global business, and reducing its emissions requires global solutions. The entry into force of the global sulphur cap is an important milestone for the entire maritime sector; it will contribute to further reduce emissions of harmful air pollutants, directly benefiting cities and communities around the globe, including important ones on our Southern European shores. It also shows that concerted effort from the EU and the IMO, together with strong commitment from the industry can deliver important benefits to the environment and the health of our citizens.”
Commissioner for the Environment, Oceans and Fisheries Virginijus Sinkevicius added: “The European Green Deal is set to deliver on a zero-pollution ambition for both climate neutrality and a toxic-free environment. This EU ambition protects our citizens' well-being, but also ensures healthy and clean environments, seas and oceans within a carbon-free and sustainable blue economy where all sides jointly engage, including maritime transport. We welcome low sulphur standards globally and in Emission Control Areas so that more EU coastal citizens can breathe clean air.”
EU's low sulphur approach as international example
Since 2012, the EU has taken firm action to reduce the sulphur content of marine fuels through the Sulphur Directive. In 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) maintained 2020 as entry-into-force date of the global 0.5% sulphur cap.
Moreover, in some very fragile ecosystems such as the Baltic Sea and the North Sea – designated as ‘Sulphur Oxides Emissions Control Areas' (SECAs) – the maximum sulphur content has been reduced to 0.10%, already in 2015. Such stricter sulphur limits have more than halved sulphur dioxide concentrations around SECAs, bringing health benefits to people in coastal regions and ports, while the overall economic impacts on the sector remained minimal.
Next steps on sustainability in shipping
Based on the successful implementation of the Emission Control Area (ECA) limits, the introduction of the global sulphur limit is expected to bring similar results. The EU is also actively working in the context of the Barcelona Convention, on the possible future designation by the IMO of ECAs in other EU waters such as in the Mediterranean Sea.
The EU has striven for an active role in tackling maritime emissions more generally, both at home and globally. In 2018, the IMO agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from shipping by at least 50% by 2050. The EU and its Member States played an instrumental role in brokering and securing the deal for the sector, which currently represents 2-3% of global CO2 emissions. Discussions are already ongoing at the IMO to translate this deal into concrete measures.
To tackle plastic pollution within our oceans, the EU adopted new rules on port reception facilities, making sure that waste generated on-board ships or fished at sea is collected and treated in ports.
The EU is also working with the IMO to address concerns regarding discharge waters from after-treatment systems used by ships. The objective is to ensure full sustainability of those systems, possibly by setting stricter and uniform legislative requirements.
In addition, the European Green Deal, presented by the President of the Commission Ursula von der Leyen in December 2019, sets out further action to make shipping more sustainable such as the extension of the European emissions trading to the maritime sector.
Maritime transport has a direct impact on air quality in many European coastal cities. Exhaust gases from ships are a significant source of air pollution, including through sulphur oxide emissions resulting from the burning of fuel oil. Sulphur oxides are harmful to the human respiratory system and make breathing difficult.
Ships traditionally use fuel oils for propulsion, which can have a sulphur content of up to 3.50 %. For comparison, the sulphur content of fuels used in trucks or passenger cars must not exceed 0.001 %. The 2012 Sulphur Directive which was revised in 2016, reduced SOx emissions by setting maximum sulphur content levels for marine fuels and incorporated new standards set by the International Maritime Organisation into EU law both inside regionally protected areas and outside of those.Read More
th November 2019 - Type Approval Certificate For Marine Automatic Devices & Equipment Japan
Protea has attained a further marine emissions approval accreditation to certify that the undernoted product (P2000) has been approved in accordance with the requirements specified in Chapter 1, Part 7 of 'Guidance for the Approval of Materials and Equipment for Marine Use' and the relevant Society's rules.
Nippon Kaiji Kyokai is a ship classification society. It is also known by the brand name “ClassNK” or often in the industry as just “NK”. It is a not for profit society dedicated to ensuring the safety of life and property at sea, and the prevention of pollution of the marine environment. ClassNK offers a broad range of services such as ship classification surveys, statutory surveys and certification on behalf of Flag States based on both international conventions, codes, national statutes, as well as ClassNK’s own rules and regulations.
They also include assessment and certification services of safety management systems of ship management companies as well as the quality systems of ship builders and related manufacturers as an independent third party. ClassNK also offers appraisal, consulting and supervisory services on both marine and non-marine related projects.Read More
th September 2019 - Protea P2000 Product Focus
The Protea P2000 is an infra-red (IR), duct or stack-mounted Analyser, designed to provide In-Situ analysis of up to six gas-phase emission components.A typical system comprises of a stack mounted Analyser, an integral Calibration Module and a Control Unit with options which include a powerful In-Situ Heater anda stand-alone Analysis Software package. MCERTS Product Conformity Certificate is also available with the P2000 Series Continuous Emission Monitor With Protea Control Unit.
The P2000 uses the reflective beam principal to directly measure process gas as it enters the in situ sample cell. Unlike higher maintenance extractive systems, Protea’s patented, sintered metal technology removes the need for gas filtering or sample conditioning.The P2000 analyser requires very little maintenance and achieves a class-beating availability of over 98% in demanding applications.The Control Unit can support multiple analysers from the Protea range.Read More
th March 2019 - New Marine Emissions Brochure Now Available
We have recently updated our Marine Emissions download focused on meeting the environmental challenges faced for global shipping and logistics activities. The most important gases in terms of emissions are currently sulphur oxides (SOx), and nitrogen oxides (NOx). Annex VI has a schedule for significant reductions in both over the next 10 years. Please contact us for your Marine Emissions requirements.
The need to demonstrate environmental responsibility is key for today’s marine and offshore industries. Charterers and the public demand high standards of performance and reliability. Fuels and exhaust gas emissions are also the subject of international, regional and national controls. The most significant is IMO MARPOL Annex VI - Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships, which also applies to mobile offshore drilling units and other oil industry platforms.Read More
th January 2019 - Global Marine Emissions in the Spotlight
The need to demonstrate environmental responsibility is key for today’s marine and offshore industries. Charterers and the public demand high standards of performance and reliability. Fuels and exhaust gas emissions are also the subject of international, regional and national controls. The most significant is IMO MARPOL Annex VI - Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships, which also applies to mobile offshore drilling units and other oil industry platforms.
The Emissions Monitoring Solution from Protea is the P2000 emissions monitoring system is approved for the analysis of exhaust gases from the engines and boilers of ships and offshore rigs. Robust and with proven reliability, up to six gases can be measured including SO2, CO2 and NOx.
The Protea 2000 emissions monitoring system comprises up to 6 exhaust mounted analysers, each with automatic verification facilities. Emissions data from the entire system is securely managed and displayed at a dedicated Classification Society approved panel PC, with outputs to networks, control systems, and reporting facilities.Read More
st November 2018 - Inside Our New Modern Manufacturing Facility at Peterborough
Earlier in the year we relocated our offices in Peterborough to a new location which included a complete fit out to allow for a purpose built modern manufacturing facility. The images below provide an insight into the work that we do focused on the manufacture and production of in-situ gas analysers for a global market place. The new facility specialised in the production of the P2000 and P5000 in-situ Continuous Emissions Monitoring (CEM) analysers that are flange mounted to the emissions point, with an in-situ sample cell inserted into a stack.
Our full office address for the new location is Protea Ltd, Peterborough, Unit 2 Venture Park, Stirling Way, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, PE3 8YD, UK. The telephone number is +44 (0) 1733 263437 and the email address is mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org. Protea offers both Infra-Red (IR) and Ultra Violet (UV) in-situ gas analysers. The in-situ CEM systems are multi-component and can monitor multiple gases species simultaneously. The analyser also monitors water vapour and so the pollutant gases can be reported on a wet or dry bases depending on the local environmental agencies requirements.Read More
st June 2018 - Protea Awarded the RINA Marine Certificate for the P2000 CEMS
Protea have recently been awarded the RINA Certificate Marine Certificate for our Monitoring and control system continuous emissions monitor the P2000. The P2000 may be used for the continuous monitoring of emissions from the exhaust gas cleaning system. The actual reference standard is that the RINA rules for the classification of ships - Part C “Machinery, Systems and Fire Protection”, Chapter 3, Section 6, Tab.1 and IMO Res, MEPC.259(68) Chapter 6 “Emission Testing” as well as the relevant requirements of Revised MARPOL Annex VI and NOx Technical Code 2008.
Protea 2000 In-Situ Infra-red gas analyser connected to a Protea Control Unit forms the basis of a Continuous Emission Monitoring System (CEMS). The Stack Mounted In-Situ analyser monitors the stack gas without the need for any sample handling equipment making it a cost-effective solution to Continuous Emission Monitoring and Process applications. The analyser monitors the stack gases “wet”, water vapour is continuously monitored enabling the pollutant gases can be reported on a wet or dry bases.Read More
th May 2018 - Protea Open a Second New Manufacturing Facility in the UK
As part of our expansion plans into future years we are pleased to announce that our new manufacturing facility is now fully operational. The new facility is located in Peterborough and will focus on the design, manufacture and supply of in-situ continuous emissions monitoring analysers to a global market place.
The new location address can be found at:
Unit 2 Venture Park,